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FreedomCon 2021 – African Americans Fighting White Supremacy in the Wake of the Tulsa Massacre

June 26, 2021 @ 3:00 pm - 4:30 pm


Public domain image via flickr: CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication100 years ago, in the wake of the Tulsa Race Massacre, wealthy African Americans from Oklahoma joined Little Liberia, an economic opportunity to improve the lives of African Americans in the U.S. through economic advancement in Mexico. They also created a sister organization, the International Community Welfare League, that sought to combat White Supremacy, which they identified as a main culprit for racial inequality in the U.S and in the hemisphere.

This presentation will discuss the Tulsa Massacre, Little Liberia, the League, and consider the role of multiracial organizing with African Americans at the center as a means to combat White Supremacy.


Laura Hooton, PhD, is Assistant Professor of American History at The United States Military Academy at West Point. She is interested in race, ethnicity, and identity in North America, especially combining African American history and Black studies with borderlands history. She also studies migration and immigration, especially from the perspective of comparative race and ethnicity and social movements. Dr. Hooton leads the Black History at West Point project. She also published a module on comparative immigration in the Southwest for West Point. Currently Dr. Hooton is working on two books. Her first monograph tells the history of Little Liberia, a social movement that began in 1918 as an African American agricultural community in Baja California started by Black Los Angelenos. The movement, in its ten-year history, grew into a movement for political, social and economic change in the United States and Mexico, including the creation of a sister organization to combat White Supremacy in North America in the wake of the Tulsa Race Massacre. She is co-authoring the revised edition of Almost All Aliens, a large-scale telling of comparative United States immigration, race, and ethnicity history.



Little Liberia: The Dream of an African American Community in Baja California. Under contract, Oklahoma University Press, Race and Culture in the American West series.

Almost All Aliens: Immigration, Race, and Colonialism in American History and Identity, Revised Edition. Under Contract, with Paul Spickard and Francisco Beltrán, Routledge.

“Little Liberia, the African American Agricultural Colony in Baja California” in Farming Across Borders: Transnational Agricultural History in the North American West, ed. Sterling Evans (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2017)

African Americans Fighting White Supremacy in the Wake of the Tulsa Massacre – flier


Today’s event is made possible, in part, by an Action Grant from Humanities New York. Humanities New York encourages critical thinking and cultural understanding in the public arena through grants, programs, networking and advocacy. Visit to learn more.


June 26, 2021
3:00 pm - 4:30 pm


Mary Liz Stewart